Hair loss is seen to be an escalating issue in modern times due to several reasons such as stress, modern lifestyle and dietary habits. Hair loss can be minimized or prevented by certain medications; however baldness has no other treatment other than hair transplant. Hair transplant is a surgical process in which hair follicle from one part of the body is moved to the area affected by partial or complete baldness. This treatment is not only for baldness but can also be helpful in restoring hair loss of eyebrows, eye lashes, chest and face.
How is this done is the major concern of the people. When we say that it is a surgery, people are really scared. This is minimal invasion surgery, thanks to the invention in medical field. Hair transplant is done using two techniques which are widely known as:
- Strip Method: A strip of the skin is removed from the back of the head (donor area) using a scalpel and then the gap is sutured together. The strip is divided into grafts containing two or more follicles. Since in this procedure, suturing is done at the back of the head, patients need to be careful while sleeping in particular position, avoid strenuous work and refrain from exercises. Resting period of at least one week is essential.
- Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): In this technique hair root are extracted from the donor area under local anesthesia with the help of micro punches and implanted in the bald area. This is stitchless method of hair restoration. The patient is free to follow daily routine after few hours of rest, since it is minimal invasive procedure. Healing is faster if the patient is active.
Once the procedure is done, you can see the hair growth in less than 3 to 4 months and within a year full growth is seen. Though it sounds like anyone can go through hair transplant but it is not so. There are few things which has to be kept in mind before taking this surgery:
- Patient must be more than 23 years or older
- Patients who have inadequate response to medicine.
- Should have significant hair loss.
- Patients having blood disorders, immune compromised conditions like hepatitis, cancer, uncontrolled diabetes are not taken up for surgery.
Hair transplantation can be costly affair. Typically total pricing is determined by technique adopted and graft counts made. Factors such as extent of hair loss, donor hair availability, textual features of hair and case specific level of expectation also play role in the cost determination. Many clinics in India are doing excellent work in hair transplant which are on par with international standards and are also cost effective. The cost of hair transplant in India is between $550 – $1500, depending on number of grafts need to implant as compared to US where it is around $3000 – $23000. Since the industry has been commercialized, it is difficult to find trustworthy clinic which do hair transplant.
- Patients experience less post-operative discomfort.
- The operation is safe and minimally invasive.
- It’s a very lasting effect.
- No more spending in cosmetic or any other product which states regrowth of hair.
- As one of its physiological disadvantages, it is worth bearing in mind that often sizeable proportion of the dermis has to be extracted for the purpose of implantation. The scalp provides protection to the follicle from trauma. Thus follicles tend to become more vulnerable in cases where a sizeable portion is removed.
- Due to injury and certain medication, the grafts implanted may not survive resulting in waste of money and time.
- Scarring is one of the potential disadvantages of hair transplant procedures; although it is minimal there is always chance of inappropriate healing or visible scars.
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Radha K. Iyer is a contributing writer on Treatum Blog. When she is not writing, she can be found reading health and food blogs or experimenting with her culinary skills.
Disclaimer: The entire content of this article is for information purpose only and is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional. It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information. It is not a substitute for professional care and should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem and disease.